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Awareness on Risk Factors of Sexually Transmitted Infection and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Students of Cavite State University

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AWARENESS ON RISK FACTORS OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION AND SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIORS AMONG STUDENTS OF CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY

An undergraduate thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Nursing, Cavite State University, Indang Cavite, in partial fulfillment of the requirements in research. Prepared with the supervision of Mrs. Nenita B. Panaligan, RN, MAN.

Introduction

As time goes on, countries around the world become more industrialized and modernized. As part of it, life of people became easier when modern technologies introduced to them. However, as these continue to multiply problems unbalancing the society exists too.

Nowadays, issues regarding reproductive health are being published in newspapers to television and radios around the world. People around the world are aware about the existence of this pandemic sexual infections, but do they really know how this diseases being acquired? How aware they are? This became a public health problem to both industrialized and developing countries around the globe. Mostly in many developing countries like Philippines and other neighboring countries had their rampant cases of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI's) due to exploitation and human trafficking and considering the poor management of National Health Department in implementing different programs to control the spread of these infections.

Sexually transmitted disease also known as Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) or Venereal Disease (VD) is an illness that has significant of transmission between humans or animals by means of human sexual behavior, including vaginal intercourse oral sex and anal sex. While in the past, these illnesses has mostly been referred to us STD or VD, in recent years the term sexually transmitted infection has been preferred, as it has a broader range of meaning; a person may be infected and may potentially infect others, without showing signs of disease. Some STI's can also be transmitted via the use of needles after its use by an infected person.

WHO stated that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are spread primarily through person-to-person sexual contact. There are more than 30 different sexually transmissible bacteria, viruses and parasites.

The most common conditions they cause are gonorrhea, chlamydia infection, syphilis, trichomoniasis, chancroid, genital herpes, genital warts, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and hepatitis B infection.

Several, in particular HIV and syphilis, can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth, and through blood products and tissue transfer.

Sexually transmitted infections have impact in all dimensions of person's life. STI can negatively influence a person's self concept and may profoundly affect a person's entire life and his family.

Society, often associate STI's with discrimination and socially unacceptable behaviors. This makes most persons afflicted with STI hesitate immediate treatment and often the disease is on its progress stage before the infected individual finally decides to consult health care practitioners. Therefore, health organizations need to educate high risk individuals on prevention of STI's. Furthermore, health practitioners need to be alert to indicators of STI's since prognosis can be influenced by early diagnosis and treatment, hence this study will exhibit the awareness on risk factors of sexually transmitted diseases and sexual risk behavior among some college students of Cavite State University.

Statement of the problem

This study aims to determine the awareness of Cavite State University (CvSU) students on risk factors about Sexual Transmitted Infections (STI) and their sexual risk behaviors.

Specifically, it seeks to answer the following questions:

1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of

1. Gender

2. Age

3. Civil status

2. What are the sexual risk behaviors among CvSU students?

3. Are CvSU college students aware on the risk factors of sexually transmitted infection?

4. Is there a relationship between demographic profile and level of awareness on risk factors of STI's among CvSU college students?

5. Is there a relationship between demographic profile and sexual risk behavior of CvSU college students?

6. Is there a relationship between level of awareness and sexual risk behavior among CvSU college students?

Objectives of the study

Generally, the study aims to determine the awareness and risk factors about STI's and sexual risk behaviors among students of Cavite State University (CvSU).

Specifically, it aims to;

1. Determine the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of

1. Gender

2. Age

3. Civil status

2. Identify the sexual risk behavior among CvSU college students

3. Identify how aware CvSU college students are on risk factors of sexually transmitted infection

4. Determine the relationship between demographic profile and level of awareness on risk factors among CvSU college students

5. Identify the relationship between demographic profile and sexual risk behavior among CvSU college students

6. Determine the relationship between level of awareness and sexual risk behavior among CvSU college students

Hypothesis

Null Hypothesis

Ho - There is no relationship between demographic profile and awareness on risk factors of STI's among CvSU college students.

Ho - There is no relationship between demographic profile and sexual risk behavior of CvSU college students.

Ho -There is no relationship between level of awareness and sexual risk behavior among CvSU college students.

Alternative Hypothesis

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